تحلیل اثرات اجرای طرح‌های هادی روستایی در توسعه مسکن و وضعیت زیست‌محیطی سکونتگاه های روستایی (مطالعه موردی: روستاهای بخش مرکزی شهرستان جیرفت)

نوع مقاله : مقاله های برگرفته از پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 جغرافیا. دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی. دانشگاه بیرجند. ایران

2 گروه جغرافیا.دانشکده ادبیات وعلوم انسانی.دانشگاه بیرجند. بیرجند.ایران

چکیده

طرح‌­های هادی روستایی با برنامه­ها و اقدامات بس شایسته در جهت ایجاد تحول در محیط­های روستایی و بعضاً بازآفرینی بخش­هایی از این فضاها درجهت توسعه همه‌جانبه پایدار، در اقصی نقاط کشور، موجب بهبود شرایط زیستی شده است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف تحلیل اثرات اجرای طرح های هادی روستایی درتوسعه مسکن و وضعیت زیست محیطی سکونتگاه های روستایی بخش  مرکزی شهرستان جیرفت صورت گرفته است. تحقیق حاضر از نوع توصیفی- تحلیلی و با استفاده از روش پیمایشی است..پس از پیمایش اولیه در ۳۰ نمونه، واریانس صفت رضایتمندی به‌ مقدار ۱۸۵/۰به دست آمد که پس از جایگذاری در فرمول تعداد ۱۳۵ خانوار به‌عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب گردید.. برای پردازش داده ها از روش هـای آمـار توصـیفی و استنباطی از جمله آزمون دوجمله ای، کراسکال والیس وهمچنین تکنیک تاپسیس بهره گرفته شـده است. نتایج تحقیق حاکی از آن می باشد که بین متغیرهای اجـرای طـرح هـادی میزان رضایت­مندی مردم در خصوص مؤلفه‌های مسکن و زیست‌محیطی بالاتر از حد متوسط بوده است. همچنین با اطمینان 99%سطح رضایتمندی افراد در روستاهای موردبررسی تفاوت معناداری باهم داشته باشند. بنابراین اجرای طرح هادی روستاهای نمونه در زمینـه ی بهبود وضعیت مسکن ، محیط زیست و زندگی روستاییان موفق بوده و توانسته موجبات رضایتمندی نسبی ساکنین روستا را فراهم بیاورد. پس میتوان گفت که هر سه فرضیه مورد تأیید قرار گرفته و همچنین نتایج رتبه­بندی روستاهای نمونه براساس روش تاپسیس، بیانگر بالاترین تأثیرگذاری اجرای طرح هادی در روستاهای پرجمعیت که سابقه مدیدی از اجرای طرح هادی آن­ها می گذرد همچون علی‌آباد با مقدار 995 /0 ، هوکرد با مقدار985/0 بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Analysis of the Effects of Implementation of Rural Conduct Plans on Housing Development and the Environmental Situation of Rural Settlements (Case Study: Rural areas at central District in Jiroft county).

نویسندگان [English]

  • Tahereh Hekmatyar 1
  • Javadmikaniki javad 2
  • Mofid SHatri 2
1 Geography Faculty of Literature and Humanities. Birjand University. Iran
2 Department of Geography, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Birjand University. Birjand.Iran
چکیده [English]

Rural designers have improved biological conditions through well-designed programs and actions to transform the rural environment and, in some cases, the rehabilitation of parts of these spaces in order to develop a sustainable and sustainable development in all parts of the country. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the implementation of the Hadi plan on the rural housing component and the environmental status of the village as well as the satisfaction of the people in implementing the guideline of villages in the central district of Jiroft city. This research is a descriptive-analytic type based on the nature of the purpose and the method is descriptive-analytic. After initial sampling in 30 samples, the variance of the satisfaction attribute was obtained to be 185. 0, which, after placing in the formula and performing calculations, ultimately 135 households were selected as sample size. To process the data, descriptive and inferential statistical methods such as two-dimensional cross-analysis of Wallis test as well as TOPSIS ranking method have been used The results of the research indicate that: among the implementing variables of the Hadi plan, the level of people's satisfaction with the housing and environmental components has been higher than the average. Also, with 99% confidence, the level of people's satisfaction in the studied villages will be significantly different from each other Therefore, the implementation of the master plan of the sample villages in the field of improving the housing situation, environment and rural life has been successful and has been able to provide relative satisfaction to the villagers. Therefore, the implementation of the master plan of the sample villages in the field of improving the housing situation, environment and rural life has been successful and has been able to provide relative satisfaction to the villagers. Also, the results of the ranking of sample villages on the basis of the model used indicate the highest impact of the implementation of the guideline in the populated villages that have a long history of conducting their conducting plan Like Aliabad, Hawkard has been.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rural Development
  • Guide Plan
  • Physical and environmental development
  • central District in Jiroft county.)
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