بررسی اثرات توسعه اکوتوریسم بر پایداری سکونت‌گاههای روستایی (مورد مطالعه: شهرستان سرباز)

نوع مقاله : مقاله های برگرفته از پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی گردشگری، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران.

2 دانشیار جغرافیا وبرنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران.

3 دکترای جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران.

چکیده

چکیده
توسعه اکوتوریسم و توسعه گردشگری یک عامل مهم در اشتغالزایی و توسعه روستایی بویژه در مناطقی می‎باشد که با محدودیت گزینه­های معیشتی روبه‌رو می­باشند. هدف این مطالعه بررسی اثرات توسعه اکوتوریسم بر پایداری سکونت‌گاههای روستایی شهرستان سرباز می‎باشد. این پژوهش از نظر هدف، کاربردی و روش انجام آن، توصیفی- تحلیلی است. ابزار گردآوری داده­های پرسش‌نامه بوده است. جامعه آماری شامل خانوارهای روستاهای شهرستان سرباز می‎باشد. 200 خانوار با استفاده از فرمول کوکران و به روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی ساده به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها از آزمون­های تحلیل­واریانس (ANOVA)، آماره فیشر و رگرسیون چند متغیره استفاده شد. یافته­های پژوهش نشان داد که بین توسعه اکوتوریسم و پایداری سکونت‌گاههای روستایی ارتباط خطی معناداری وجود دارد و بین این دو متغیر انسجام کاملاً معنادار می‎باشد. بیش‌ترین تاثیر توسعه اکوتوریسم بر پایداری سکونت‌گاههای روستایی مربوط به بعد کالبدی (426/0) و کم‌ترن تاثیر مربوط به پایداری زیست محیطی (280/0) می‎باشد. لذا می­توان گفت که توسعه اکوتوریسم در شهرستان سرباز و توجه به  گردشگری این منطقه می‌تواند باعث پایداری سکونت‌گاههای روستایی این منطقه که با کمبود گزینه های معیشتی روبه‌رو هستند، شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of ecotourism development on sustainability of rural settlements (Case study: Sarbaz County)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatmeh Abi 1
  • Siros Ghanbari 2
  • mehrshad toulabi nejad 3
1 Master of Geography Student and Tourism Planning, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran.
3 Visiting Professor Geography and Rural Planning, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Development of ecotourism and tourism progression is an important factor in rural employment creation and sustainability , especially in areas with limited livelihood options. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of ecotourism development on the stability of rural settlements in Sarbaz city. The present research is descriptive-analytical in terms of its purpose, its application and its method. The data gathering tool was a questionnaire. The statistical population includes households in villages of Sarbaz city.Two hundred families were selected by using Cochran's formula and simple random sampling method. For data analysis, ANOVA, Fisher statistics and multiple regression were used. The findings of this research demostrated  that there is a significant linear relationship between ecotourism development and the stability of rural settlements, and the most significant effect of ecotourism development on the stability of rural settlements is related to physical dimension and the least significant effect . It has environmental sustainability.Therefore, it can be said that the development of ecotourism in the city of Sarbaz and the attention to the tourism of this region can lead to the stability of rural settlements in this region, which are faced with a lack of livelihood options.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Development of ecotourism
  • Sustainability
  • Rural settlements
  • Sarbaz County
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دوره 11، شماره 44
اسفند 1400
صفحه 269-290
  • تاریخ دریافت: 24 شهریور 1398
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 29 فروردین 1399
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 29 فروردین 1399
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 اسفند 1400