تاثیر سیاست مقاوم‎سازی بر پایداری مسکن روستایی، مورد مطالعه: شهرستان ساوه

نوع مقاله : مقاله های برگرفته از پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‎ریزی روستایی، گروه جغرافیای انسانی، دانشکده علوم جغرافیایی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، گروه جغرافیای انسانی، دانشکده علوم جغرافیایی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در دو دهه اخیر سیاست به‌سازی و مقاوم‎سازی مسکن روستایی برای بهبود کیفیت آن در سطح کشور به اجرا درآمده‎است. هدف این پژوهش بررسی تاثیر اجرای این سیاست بر پایداری مسکن از جنبه‌های کالبدی، اقتصادی، اجتماعی و محیط زیستی در نواحی روستایی بوده‎است. داده‎های لازم با رویکرد کمی و با روش‌های اسنادی و پیمایشی گرد‌آوری شد. ابزار اصلی گردآوری داده پرسش‌نامه محقق‌ساخته بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش 528 خانوار دریافت‎کننده اعتبارات در دوره زمانی 1395-1384 در 23 روستای دهستان‎های طرازناهید و کوهپایه شهرستان ساوه است. حجم نمونه با استفاده از فرمول کوکران 196 خانوار محاسبه شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‎های پرسش‌نامه با آمار توصیفی و استنباطی (آزمون T تک نمونه‎ای) انجام شد. وزن‎دهی به مولفه‎های پایداری مسکن با روش‎ آنتروپی شانون و سطح بندی روستاها با مدل ویکور انجام شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان می‎دهد سیاست مقاوم‎سازی مسکن روستایی بیش‌ترین تاثیر را بر جنبه کالبدی مسکن (با میانگین 91/2) داشته و سپس بر جنبه‎های محیط زیستی (با میانگین 65/2) و اجتماعی (با میانگین 53/2) داشته‌است. کم‎ترین تاثیر این سیاست بر جنبه‎های اقتصادی (با میانگین 24/2) بوده‌است. نتایج به‌دست آمده از مدل ویکور، نشان داد 11 روستا در گروه پایدار، 7 روستا نسبتاً پایدار، 2 روستا با پایداری پایین و 3 روستا در گروه ناپایدار قرار می‌گیرند. هم‌چنین، تاثیرگذاری این سیاست بر روستاها یکسان نبوده و در روستاهای بزرگ‎تر و نزدیک به شهر اثرات بیش‎تری داشته‌است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Reinforcement Policy on Rural Housing Sustainability, Case Study: Saveh County (Iran)

نویسندگان [English]

  • vali rajabi 1
  • Hamid Jalalian 2
  • farhad azizpour 2
1 Ph.D. Candidate in Geography and Rural Planning, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Associate Prof. in Geography and Rural Planning, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

During the last two decades, rural housing reinforcement and rehabilitation policy has been implemented to improve its quality throughout the country. The purpose of this study is to investigate the changes that have occurred as a result of the use of housing reinforcement credits on the economic, social, physical and environmental dimensions of the houses. Nessassary data were collected through both library and field methods within a quantitative approach and using a researcher-made questionnaire. The statistical population of the present study is 528 households whome received the credits in 23 villages of Taraznahid and Kouhpaye sub-districts of Saveh County during 2005-2016. Sample size was 196 households –based on Cochran formula. Data analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (one-sample T-test). Weighting of the components of the housing sustainability and leveling the villages were performed using the Shannon Entropy and Vikor Techniques. The results showed that rural housing rehabilitation policy has the most impact on physical aspect of housing (with 2.91 Mean) and then on environmental (with 2.65 Mean) and social (with 2.53 Mean) aspects. The least impact of this policy has been on the economic aspects (with 2.24 Mean). The results obtained by using Vicor Techniqe show that 11 villages are in sustainable category (level), 7 villages in relative sustainable, 2 villages in low sustainable and 3 villages in unsustainable category. Moreover, the impact of this policy on the villages was not the same, but it had more impact on the larger and the nearer ones to the cities.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • rural housing
  • Sustainable Housing
  • Rural Housing Rehabilitation
  • Rural Development
  • Saveh County
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دوره 11، شماره 44
اسفند 1400
صفحه 221-238
  • تاریخ دریافت: 09 بهمن 1398
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 27 اردیبهشت 1399
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 27 اردیبهشت 1399
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 اسفند 1400