بررسی و اولویت‌بندی نواحی روستایی از لحاظ شاخص‌های کیفیت محیطی (مورد مطالعه: دهستان همت‌ آباد ـ شهرستان بروجرد)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار بخش جغرافیا، دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

چکیده

کیفیت محیطی و ارتقاء آن از مباحث مهم و موثر در فرآیند توسعه روستایی است که همواره مورد توجه متخصصان و برنامه‌ریزان می‌باشد. در این راستا، هر گونه برنامه‌ریزی و تدوین سیاست‌ها، نیازمند شناخت و تحلیل وضع موجود با هدف دست‌یابی به توسعه پایدار در نواحی روستایی است. در پژوهش حاضر به بررسی وضعیت شاخص‌های کیفیت محیطی و نیز اولویت‌بندی روستاهای دهستان همت آباد(شهرستان بروجرد) اقدام شده است. تحقیق از نوع کاربردی و روش انجام آن توصیفی تحلیلی است. برای گردآوری داده‌های مورد نیاز از دو روش اسنادی و میدانی(پرسشنامه) استفاده شده است. در روش پرسشنامه‌ای‌ داده‌های مورد نیاز در قالب پرسشنامه در سطح 13 روستای نمونه ‌گردآوری و برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از روش‌های آماری توصیفی و استنباطی استفاده شده است. نتایج بدست آمده نشان داد کیفیت محیطی روستاهای مورد مطالعه بالاتر از حد متوسط قرار دارد. در بین شاخص‌های مورد مطالعه مناسب‌ترین وضعیت مربوط به شاخص محیط اجتماعی(میانگین برابر 04/38) و نامناسبترین وضعیت مربوط به شاخص کیفیت محیط بافت و شبکه‌ های ارتباطی(میانگین برابر 36/16) است. همچنین نتایج بیانگر آنست که بین وضعیت کیفیت محیطی روستاها و تمایل به سکونت و ماندگاری جمعیت رابطه معناداری وجود دارد. نهایتاً اولویت بندی روستاهای نمونه از لحاظ وضعیت شاخص-های کیفیت محیطی نشان داد روستای والاشان در رتبه نخست(امتیاز9339/0) و روستای قلعه نو حکیمی در پایین ترین رتبه(امتیاز6774/0) قرار دارد.همچنین نتایج بیانگر آنست که بین وضعیت کیفیت محیطی روستاها و تمایل به سکونت و ماندگاری جمعیت رابطه معناداری وجود دارد. نهایتاً اولویت بندی روستاهای نمونه از لحاظ وضعیت شاخص‌های کیفیت محیطی نشان داد روستای والاشان در رتبه نخست(امتیاز9339/0) و روستای قلعه نو حکیمی در پایین ترین رتبه(امتیاز6774/0) قرار دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Measurement and prioritization of rural area based on environmental Quality indicators ( Case Study: Hematabad district

نویسنده [English]

  • saeed reza akbarian ronizi
Associate Professor, Department of Geography, School of Economics, Management & Social Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

TEnvironmental quality and its promotion are important and effective issues in the rural development process. This index has always been considered by experts and planners. In this regard, planning and formulating policies in rural areas with the aim of achieving sustainable development, requires recognizing and analyzing the current situation. In the present study, the status of environmental quality indicators and the prioritization of villages in Hemmatabad district (Borujerd County) have been investigated. The research is applied and the method of doing it is descriptive-analytical. Two methods of documentary and field (questionnaire) have been used to collect the required data. In the questionnaire method, the required data were collected in the form of a questionnaire in 13 sample villages and descriptive and inferential statistical methods were used to analyze the data. The results showed that the environmental quality of the studied villages is above average. Among the studied indices, the most appropriate situation is related to the social environment index (average equal to 38.04) and the most inappropriate situation is related to the quality index of tissue environment and communication networks (average equal to 16.36). The results also indicate that there is a significant relationship between the environmental quality of villages and the tendency to live and the persistence of the population. Finally, the prioritization of the sample villages in terms of the status of environmental quality indicators showed that Valashan village is in the first rank (score 0.9339) and Qaleh No Hakimi village is in the lowest rank (score 0.6774).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • environmental Qualityrural
  • Rural development
  • Hematabad
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دوره 12، شماره 45 - شماره پیاپی 45
برنامه ریزی منطقه ای
اردیبهشت 1401
صفحه 139-156
  • تاریخ دریافت: 13 اردیبهشت 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 29 تیر 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 30 تیر 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 اردیبهشت 1401