Study of Urban Livability in Twenty-two Districts of Tehran Metropolitan
Asisstant Prof. of Geography and Urban Planning, University of Kharazmi, Tehran, Iran
Prof. of Geography and Urban Planning, University of Kharazmi, Tehran, Iran
H. Jafari Asasabadi
M.A in Geography and Urban Planning, University of Kharazmi, Tehran, Iran
The term urban livability refers to the needs and capacities of its members meet the requirements of society. A non-viable society is indifferent to the needs of the community and not respected to their wishes. Livability is generally divided into three economic, social and environmental dimension, which each has separate indicators. Dimensions and parameters for this study are also based on the literature of the world livability. The purpose of this study was investigating urban livability in twenty-two districts of Tehran metropolitan. The data of this descriptive-analytical research were collected by using a questionnaire that its reliability about 831/0 was approved. Due to the high number of population Cochran's formula was used to determine sample size that they were 385 from three groups of citizens, municipalities and private executives sector living in 22 regions of Tehran metropolitan. EXCEL, ARCGIS and SPSS Software were used to analyze data in order to extract the final score and the mean score per item of questionnaire. In the final stage, Kruskal-Wallis test was used to check the viability and ranking of the 22 districts. The results showed that among the 22 districts, the first and the third discrete with the average rank 75/353 and 65/301 for environmental dimension, 75/287 and 88/292 for the social and 76/294 for the economic were the most viable areas. On the other hand, the twentieth district with an average rating of 90/29 for environmental dimension, 90/34 for social and 35 for economic had the lowest viability among the 22 studied districts. In other words, it could be argued that the first and third districts had the best life quality but the twentieth discrete had the least living standards for residents among the twenty-two studied areas of Tehran metropolitan.
Keywords: Livability, Twenty-two regions, Tehran.
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