Studying of the role of tourism in the social sustainable development of the sandy and salty regions, case study: Kerman Province

Authors

Abstract

Kerman province with a large youth population (as a supporting factor for various economic activities, cultural, etc.), vast territory and fertile lands in the southern province and Little India of Iran (Jiroft), rich and valuable resources (copper, steel of Gol Gohar, coal  of Zarand, etc.); and natural and cultural-historical tourism such as capabilities and top attractions, according to the statistical evidences, has faced to the challenge like multiple socio-cultural (such as severe migration from rural to urban centers, crimes, etc.), security (drug trafficking, etc.), economic (low level of income, unemployment, etc.) and physical Spatial (evacuation of many rural settlements, etc.) is facing an unsustainable trend of development in sandy and salty Deserts,this study aimed to identify the resources and capacities of tourism in the sandy and salty deserts of Kerman and has been done to establish stable populations. Due to the nature of the research, it is applied and exploratory and has a descriptive-analytic method. To collect the data required documents or library methods used and  quantitative data analysis (T-Test, ranking methods, AHP, TOPSIS) and qualitative (logical reasoning) and for mapping Gis has used.The results showed that according to experts (based on ranking methods), effective index in identifying the resources and capacities of tourism in sandy and salty Deserts, respectively eco-tourism, cultural-historical, urban and event-based have a rank from first to fourth, And and other index have been the next ranks.Base on the demography index, only 7 the provinces of Kerman, Rafsanjan, Baft, Bam, Jiroft, Sirjan and Zarand have immigration and 16 are migration. The results of this study show that most of the areas where the process of depopulation, and have had low levels of social sustainability (eg: Raver, Kahnooj, Roodbar-jonoub, Fahraj, Reagan, and etc.)have settles in in the sandy and salty deserts of  the province, but it has so attractions and capabilities to tourism development (specially in natural cases), so to identify and utilize these capabilities directly can be useful to solve the socio- economic problems of these regions, and it can provide the better income and livelihood conditions and sustainable population establishment in these regions.

Keywords


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  • Receive Date: 19 December 2016
  • Revise Date: 13 February 2017
  • Accept Date: 13 November 2017
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2017